Friday, July 1, 2011

The Sun

July 3-9: The Sun

Book Suggestions:

Sun: Our Nearest Star by Franklyn Branley
Sun Up Sun Down by Gail Gibbons
The Sun is my Favorite Star by Frank Asch
The Sun by S. Ring
It's Sunny by Julie Richards

Activities:
Hot/Cold:
Materials: hot objects, cold objects
Description: Talk with your little one about the sun and how it is hot. Take your child outside and let them feel the summer heat. Talk to your toddler about things that are hot and things that are cold. (You could even take your toddler and let them feel inside the refrigerator. Print or draws pictures of hot items and cold items. Show your toddler each picture and see if they can tell you whether it is hot or cold. (If your toddler is older they could even sort the pictures by hot or cold.)
Skills Targeted: understand opposites, sensory development, sorting, language development, develop science skills

Circle Sun:
Materials: construction paper, glue, scissors
Description: Talk about the shape of the sun with your toddler. Show them pictures of the sun or read a book to them. Cut out a circle and several thin rectangles from construction paper. Have your child glue the circle (the sun) and the rectangles (the rays) to a piece of paper. Talk about the shapes as you are doing this activity with your little one.
Skills Targeted: shape recognition, motor skill development

Hot Sun:
Materials: Yellow ball, music
Description: Talk with your toddler about how the sun is hot. You and your child (and some of their friends) can play Hot Sun (played like hot potato!). Pretend that a yellow ball is the sun and they have to pass it to the person next to them because it is too hot to hold. Play music and when the music stops whoever has the hot sun has to sit in the middle until the next game.
Skills Targeted: develop listening skills, motor skill development, understand that the sun is hot

Shadows:
Materials: sidewalk chalk
Description: Talk to your child about how the sun gives us light. Go outside (on a sunny day) and show your toddler shadows. The sun helps create shadows. Have your little one stand so that they can see their shadow on the ground. Trace their shadow with a piece of sidewalk chalk.
Skills Targeted: sensory development, understand that the sun creates shadows

Sun Mask:
Materials: yellow construction paper, paper plate, yellow crayon or marker, glue, scissors, popsicle stick
Description: Prior to doing this activity cut out at least 10 triangles from yellow construction paper. Also, cut out the center of a paper plate. Show your toddler a picture of the sun or read them a book about the sun. Talk about the color of the sun with your little one. Show your toddler the circle paper plate and the yellow triangles. Have them identify the shapes. Tell your toddler that you will be making a sun mask. Have them color (or paint) the paper plate yellow and glue the triangles around the edge of the paper plate. Glue the Popsicle stick to the bottom of the mask (This is the handle for the mask). When the glue dries, your toddler can use the mask to pretend like they are the sun.
Skills Targeted: motor skill development, color recognition, shape recognition, enhance creativity and imagination

Letter S:
Materials: a letter S
Description: Sun begins with S. Write the word Sun for your toddler and show them a letter S. Practice making the S sound with your little one. Play the S video for you little one at


Starfall Learn to Read


If your toddler is old enough, have them practice writing letter S.
Skills Targeted: letter recognition, letter sound recognition, develop listening skills, sensory development

Tear Art Sun:
Materials: yellow, red, orange construction paper, glue, paper
Description: Draw a simple picture of the sun on a piece of paper. Provide several pieces of construction paper (the colors of the sun) for your toddler. They can create tear art by ripping small pieces of construction paper (you could do this for them if they are having trouble) and gluing them onto the picture of the sun. Have them cover the whole sun with small pieces of construction paper. This is a good way for them to get motor skill development.
Skills Targeted: motor skill development, color recognition, shape recognition

Watch a sunset (or sunrise):
Description: Talk with your toddler about how the sun rises in the morning and sets at night. The sun gives us light during the day, but when it sets it gets dark again. Go outside with your toddler and watch the sun set and the Earth get dark. If your little on is an early riser, you could also watch the sun rise in the morning and the Earth get light. (Be sure that your little one doesn't look directly at the sun).
Skills Targeted: sensory development, language development, appreciate the world around them

Sun catcher:
Materials: tissue paper, contact paper, hole puncher, yarn
Description: Visit Ehow to learn how to make your own sun catcher with your toddler.
Skills Targeted: motor skill development, enhance creativity, follow directions
Rising and Setting Sun:
Materials: construction paper, tape or tack
Description: Talk with your little one about how the sun rises in the morning and sets at night. Make your own sun from construction paper. You and your toddler and create a rising and setting sun everyday. When your child wakes up in the morning place your sun about half way up a door frame. Tell your little one that throughout the day the sun keeps getting higher and higher; therefore, around noon, place your sun at the top of the door frame. Now the sun is at its highest and it will start getting lower and lower. Around 3 or 4, have your toddler help you place the sun half way down the other side of the door frame. And finally, right before your toddler goes to bed, place the sun on the floor. Try to do this everyday this week with your little one and it will help them understand how the sun moves in the sky.
Skills Targeted: understand how the sun moves in the sky, understand day and night, develop science skills

Styrofoam Sun:
Materials: Styrofoam ball, yellow paint, yellow pipe cleaners
Description: Talk with your toddler about the sun. Have your toddler paint a Styrofoam ball yellow. When it dries help your little one stick pipe cleaners into the Styrofoam ball. You can count the rays (pipe cleaners) with your little one and talk about what color it is.
Skills Targeted: color recognition, shape recognition, motor skill development, enhance creativity

*Ideas for younger babies:
- Go outside and find the sun in the sky (have your little one wear sunglasses if they are going to look at the sun). Talk to your child about the sun and that it helps warm us.
- Print or draw a simple sun shape and have your child paint it using yellow paint (try putting your toddler in their high chair with only a diaper on. If they make a mess, which they more than likely will, it is easy to clean)
- You could make the Styrofoam sun (from above) and hang it from a ceiling fan or over your little one’s crib for them too look at.
- Since the sun is a circle, give your toddler a variety of circles to play with (balls, Frisbees, paper plates etc.). Talk about the shape of a circle while they are playing.
- Make a sun with yellow play dough and let your toddler touch and play with it.

Songs and Fingerplays:

The Sun is a Circle:
(Use your homemade felt boards with this poem)

The sun is a circle (place felt circle on board)
not a square (place felt square on board).
I'm glad it’s not a square, it might look like a box. (Place a felt box on the board)
The sun is a circle (point to the circle)
not a triangle (place felt triangle on the board).
I'm glad it’s not a triangle. It might look like a piece of pizza (place a felt piece of pizza on the board)
The sun is a circle (point to the circle)
not a rectangle. (Place felt rectangle on board)
I'm glad it’s not a rectangle. It might look like a book. (Place felt book on the board)
The sun is a circle (point to the circle)
not an oval. (Place felt oval on the board)
I'm glad it’s not an oval. It might look like an egg. (Place felt egg on the board)

The old Sun:
(Sung to the tune of This Old Man)

The old sun,
is so hot
It makes me sweat a lot.
The sun comes up in the morning
And goes down at night.
The old sun gives us light.

The old sun,
Is made of gas.
It heats up the earth real fast.
The sun comes up in the morning
And goes down at night.
The old sun gives us light.

The old sun,
is far away.
It is a small star, scientist say.
The sun comes up in the morning
And goes down at night.
The old sun gives us light.

Sunny Day:

I woke this morning and the sun was out!
I was so happy that I gave a shout.
I ran outside to play all day.
The sun gave me light to guide my way.
I was hot, I admit.
But I did not want to quit.
I love to play outside on a sunny day.
Go give it a try today!

Online Fun:

Sesame Street Videos:
You and your toddler will have fun watching these clips about the sun.
Sun Song:
You and your toddler can hum along to this Sun Song.

Coloring:
You can print these free coloring pages of the sun from coloring.ws

Recipes and Snacks:

Fun Banana Sun Snacks:
Ingredients: banana, pretzel sticks
Directions: Break the pretzel sticks in half. Cut the banana into circular slices. Stick the pretzel sticks around the outside of each slice of banana to create fun snacks for your toddler.

Sunny Side Up:
Ingredients: Egg, Cheese
Directions: Cook an egg sunny side up. Cut cheese into long strips and place them around the yolk of the egg, so that the yolk is the sun and the cheese are the sun's rays. This will be a fun breakfast for your toddler this week!

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